Code-Switching in the Frequently Used English Vocabularies among College Students of Non-Native Speaker

Intan Roshalia, Yudi Basuki


Code-switching is a common linguistic phenomenon that occurs because of the need for two or more languages when communicating directly in general or specific expressions in the world’s multilingual society. The research aimed to find out and to describe code-switching in the frequently used English vocabularies among college students of non-native speaker.  The research used qualitative focuses on phenomenological research. The research involved the first until third-year students of the English Language Education Department of STKIP PGRI Trenggalek in the 2021/2022 academic year as the subject. The research instruments were questionnaires and documentation was analyzed using Likert scale and qualitative descriptive way. Research findings show students mostly agree with the use of code-switching in their daily communication and their social media such as WhatsApp, Facebook, and Instagram. From 95 vocabularies presented in the questionnaire, 85 vocabularies are the most frequently used in students’ daily communication. Moreover, given the findings, discussions, and conclusion elaborated above, it is suggested for college students, lecturers, college and next researchers may find benefits in this research.


Code-Switching; College Students; Non-Native Speaker; Vocabulary

Full Text:



Basuki, Y., Damayanti, A., & Dewi, SU. 2018. Vocabulary Coursebook for EFL Learners of Higher Education in Indonesia. International Journal of Education and Literacy Studeis (Online), 6 (4), 123, ( accessed on 9 October 2021

Bhatti, A., Shamsudin, S., & Said, SBM. 2018. Code-Switching: A Useful Foreign Language Teaching Tool in EFL Classroom. English Language Teaching (Online), 11 (6), 93 (, accessed on 15 October 2021

Danganan, C. G., Gamboa, A. G. 2019. Researchers and technology: a phenomenological approach. RELIGACIÓN REVISTA DE CIENCIAS SOCIALES Y HUMANIDADES (Online) 4 (15): 18-32, (, accessed on 9 March 2022

Dewaele, Jean-Marc. 2018. Why the Dictionary ‘L1 Versus LX User’ is Better Than ‘Native Versus Non-Native Speaker’. Oxford University Press (Online), 39 (2) 236, ( ) accessed on 20 October 2021

Etikan, I., Bala, K. 2017. Sampling and Sampling Methods. Biometrics & Biostatistics International Journal (Online) 5(6): 1-3, ( accessed on 10 march 2022

Kalangit, Rani Frisilia. 2016. Alih Kode dalam Instagram (Suatu Analisis Sosiolinguistik). Jurnal Elektronik Fakultas Sastra Universitas Sam Ratulangi (Online), 2 (5):3-17, (, accessed on 12 June 2022

Kurniati J., Baroroh, S. 2016. Literasi Media Digital Mahasiswa Universitas Muhammadiyah Bengkulu. Jurnal Komunikator (Online) 8 (2), 54. accessed on 13 October 2021

Mukti, BDF., Basuki, Y., 2020. VIVOICE: An Effort to Promote EFL Learners’ Self-Regulated Learning during the COVID-19 Outbreak. English Teaching Journal: A Journal of English Literature, Linguistics, and Education (Online), 8 (2) 83 ( ) accessed on 10 October 2021

Nasution, Leni Masnidar. 2017. STATISTIK DESKRIPTIF. Jurnal Hikmah (Online) 14 (1): 49-55, (, accessed on 9 March 2022.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 30 Tahun 1990 tentang Pendidikan Tinggi

Susanto, A. 2017. The Teaching of Vocabulary: A Perspective. Jurnal KATA (Online), 1 (2) 183, accessed on 10 October 2021

Syofian, S., Setiyaningsih, T., & Syamsiah, N. 2015. Otomatisasi Metode Penelitian Skala Likert Berbasis Web. Universitas Darma Persada, (Online): 1-8, (, accessed on 11 October 2021

Ulfiyani, Siti. 2014. Alihkode dan Campur Kode Dalam Tuturan Masyarakat Bumiayu. Jurnal CULTURE (Culture, Language, and Literature Review) (Online) 1 (1): 92-100, (, accesed on 12 June 2022

Undang-Undang No. 2 Tahun 1989 tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional

Walkinshaw, I., Oanh, DH. 2014. Native and Non-Native English Language Teachers: Student Perceptions in Vietnam and Japan. SAGE Open (Online), 2 ( ) accessed on 20 October 2021

Walter, E. 2006. Camridge Advanced Learners’ Dictionary (Third Edition). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Zeng, Z., Khassanov, Y., Pham, VT., Xu, H., Chng, ES., & Li, H. 2019. On the End-to-End Solution to Mandarin-English Code-Switching Speech Recognition. Accessed on 15 October 2021

Article Metrics

Abstract has been read : 313 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded: 0 times



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Intan Roshalia, Yudi Basuki

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ETJ Stats


English Teaching Journal: A Journal of English Literature, Language and Education indexed by:

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.