IMPROVING SKILLS FOR WRITING EXPLANATORY TEXTS THROUGH PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING MODEL BY USING CHRONOLOGICAL IMAGE MEDIA OF FOREST FIRE AND HAZE EVENTS

Indra Perdana, Wardani Dwi Wihastyanang, Lazarus Linarto, Joni Bungai

Abstract


This study used a class action research (CAR) method, which was carried out in cycle I and cycle II that consists of the stages of planning, action, observation, and reflection. The data collection in this study used test and non-test techniques and to analyze the data was carried out quantitatively and qualitatively, with a classical completeness target of 85%, with a KKM value of 78, and a KKM value of attitude with a predicate (B). Based on the results, the learning process of compiling explanatory texts has increased in every aspect of his observations, with an average value of three observers of 79.7% not reaching 85% in the first cycle, increasing in the second cycle by 95.14%, or an increase of 10.14%. For the results of an increase in the composition of the explanatory text, compilation increased from the results of pre-cycle, cycle I, and cycle II by 76.3% increased in cycle I by 80% increased in cycle II with an average value of 83.3%, or with a percentage the increase between pre-cycle I to cycle I was 3.7% and between cycle I to cycle II by 15%. The results of students' responses from cycle I to cycle II experienced changes with the results of responses that were getting better or positive in cycle II related to activities learning to compose explanatory texts with Problem Based Learning (PBL) using media images of natural events of forest fires and haze in Central Kalimantan that occur every year during the dry season.

Keywords


WRITING EXPLANATORY TEXTS; PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING; CHRONOLOGICAL IMAGE MEDIA

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alfari, Shabrina,2018. Pengertian Teks Eksplanasi dan Strukturnya (Online) http://blog,ruangguru.com. Dunggah 12 Februari 2018.03.06 WIB. (21 Oktober 2018)

Amin. 2015. Panduan Praktis Penelitian Tindakan Kelas.Jakarta: Inspirasi.

Arsyad, Azhar. 2017.Media Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Social Agency Baru

Bowles, H. and Cogo, A. (eds.) International Perspectives on English As a Lingua Franca: Pedagogical Insights, pp.11-34. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Daryanto.2014.Media Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Gava Media

Duch, B. J., Groh, S. E, & Allen, D. E. (Eds.). (2001). The power of problem-based learning. Sterling, VA: Stylus.

Grasha, A. F. (1996). Teaching with style: A practical guide to enhancing learning by understanding teaching and learning styles. Pittsburgh: Alliance Publishers.

Lopriore, L. and Vettorel, P. (2015) Promoting Awareness of Englishes and ELF in

Matsuda (ed.): Principles and Practices of Teaching English as an International Language, pp.1-14.Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters.

Matsuda, A. (2012) Introduction: Teaching English as an International Language

Mertens, D. M. (2015) Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology (4th edition). London, UK: Sage Publications.

Mishan, F. and Timmis, I. (2015) Materials Development for TESOL. Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press, Ltd.

Murray, D. and Christison, M. A. (2011) What English Language Teachers Need to Know. Volume 1. Understanding Learning. UK: Routledge.

Newby, P. (2014) Research Methods for Education. (2nd edition). Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge.

Sadiman, Arif S. (dkk). 2009. Media Pendidikan. Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada.

Suharsimi, A.2010. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Swe, S. T. (2016) The Use of Materials for the Teaching of Culture in ELT. PhD Thesis. UK: Essex University.

Tatar, S. and Yildiz, S. (2010) Empowering nonnative-English Speaking Teachers in the Classroom. In A. Mahboob (ed.): The NNEST LENS: Non Native English Speakers in TESOL, pp. 114-128. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.


Article Metrics

Abstract has been read : 198 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded: 0 times


DOI: http://doi.org/10.25273/etj.v10i2.14567

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Wardani Dwi Wihastyanang, Indra Perdana

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ETJ Stats

 

English Teaching Journal: A Journal of English Literature, Language and Education indexed by:

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.