The Enforcement of Emergency Law Number 7 of 1955 Concerning Investigation, Prosecution, and Justice of Economic Crime, in Supporting the Governance Policy of Subsidized Fertilizer

Anita Zulfiani, Alma Tiara Aninditha, Davin Gerald Parsaoran Silalahi

Abstract


Since globalization, law, especially in the realm of criminal law, has undergone many changes, and many developments have even evolved into new forms. The development of crime has implications for the rapid evolution of rules regarding criminal acts. Indonesia is familiar with arrangements regarding economic crimes since the existence of Emergency Law Number 7 of 1955 concerning the investigation, prosecution, and justice of economic crime. This law is the forerunner to the rules of economic criminal law in Indonesia which is an adaptation of Wei op de Economische Delichten 1950 from the Dutch, but has been adapted to the conditions in Indonesia. Economic Crimes are criminal acts or crimes or offenses in the economic field that can harm the state. Indonesia is known as an agrarian country where most of the population depends on the agricultural sector, which is why subsidized fertilizer management is an important matter for attention because the availability of fertilizer is one of the determinants of the sustainability of food production in Indonesia. Subsidized fertilizer from the government has the aim of helping farmers to obtain fertilizer at low prices, the distribution of subsidized fertilizer is monitored by the government so that it is right on target for recipients. However, in reality, there have been irregularities in the management of subsidized fertilizers, one of which was in a case that was decided based on Criminal Decision Number 87/Pid.B/2014/PN.Kds. Emergency Law No. 7 of 1955 is a law that has specificity because it regulates criminal acts in the economic sphere that are not regulated in the Criminal Code (KUHP). This research is to show how the enforcement of Emergency Law Number 7 of 1955 which is in line with the subsidized fertilizer management policy encouraged the progress of the Indonesian economy.

Keywords


Economic Crime, Subsidized Fertilizer Management, Emergency Law No. 7 of 1955

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.25273/ay.v3i1.16179

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