Cover Image

Studi Awal Pembuatan Membran Chitosan-Silica Based dari Berbagai Limbah

Felix Arie Setiawan, I Made Arimbawa, Navisa Ayudia Putri, Boy Arief Fachri

Abstract


Jember memiliki potensi perikanan terutama udang sebagai sumber kitin yang merupakan dasar pembuatan kitosan. Kitosan berasal dari limbah kulit udang yang dicampur dengan limbah lain yaitu padatan silika dari Pembangkit Listrik Panas Bumi dan fly ash dari Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Uap untuk menghasilkan membran yang dapat digunakan dalam filtrasi logam berat dalam air. Membran tanpa silika dibuat sebagai negative control dan dengan silika murni sebagai positive control. Membran kitosan dibuat dengan cara mencampurkan 1,0 gram kitosan dalam 100 mL larutan asam asetat 2% v/v dan 0,8 gram senyawa silika serta 0,5 gram polyethylene glycol. Membran yang telah dibuat diuji untuk menyaring larutan yang mengandung logam berat Cu dan Pb. Konsentratsi optimum dari Cu dan Pb dalam badan cairan dapat dikurangi sebesar 87% dan 80% menggunakan membran kitosan-silika.


Keywords


kitosan; logam berat; membran; power plant waste; silika

Full Text:

DOWNLOAD PDF

References


Bokau, N. S. (2013). Sintesis Membran Kitosan Termodifikasi Silika Abu Sekam Padi untuk Proses Dekolorisasi. Universitas Negeri Semarang.

BPS. (2002). Jurnal Ekspor Perdagangan Luar Negeri Indonesia. Jakarta

Cui, L., Gao, S., Song, X., Huang, L., Dong, H., Liu, J., Chen, F., & Yu, S. (2018). Preparation and characterization of chitosan membranes. RSC Adv., 8(50), 28433-28439, https://doi.org/10.1039/C8RA05526B

Fernandez-Kim, Sun-Ok. (2004). Physicochemical and functional properties of crawfish chitosan as affected by different processing protocols. Thesis: Louisiana State University, https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2337&context=gradschool_theses

Focher, B., Naggi, A., Torri, G., Cosani, A., & Terbojevich, M. (1992). Structural differences between chitin polymorphs and their precipitates from solutions-evidence from CP-MAS 13C-NMR, FT-IR and FT-Raman spectroscopy. Carbohydrate Polymers, 17(2), 97-102, https://doi.org/10.1016/0144-8617(92)90101-U

He, L.-h., Xue, R., Yang, D.-b., Liu, Y., & Song, R. (2009). Effects of blending chitosan with PEG on surface morphology, crystallization and thermal properties. Chinese Journal of Polymer Science, 27(04), 501-510, https://www.worldscientific.com/doi/pdf/10.1142/S0256767909004175

Kalapathy, U., Proctor, A., & Shultz, J. (2000). Production and properties of flexible sodium silicate films from rice hull ash silica. Bioresource technology, 72(2), 99-106, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(99)00112-1

Li, C., Lou, T., Yan, X., Long, Y.-z., Cui, G., & Wang, X. (2018). Fabrication of pure chitosan nanofibrous membranes as effective absorbent for dye removal. International journal of biological macromolecules, 106, 768-774, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.08.072

Mahatmanti, F. W., Nuryono, N., & Narsito, N. (2016). Adsorption of Ca (II), Mg (II), Zn (II), and Cd (II) on Chitosan Membrane Blended with Rice Hull Ash Silica and Polyethylene Glycol. Indonesian Journal of Chemistry, 16(1), 45-52, https://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/ijc/article/view/21176

Muljani, S., Kusuma, K. A., Nofitasari, L., Amalia, A. R., & Hapsari, N. (2018). Sintesis Membran Kitosan Silika Dari Geothermal Sludge. Jurnal Teknik Kimia, 13(1), https://doi.org/10.33005/tekkim.v13i1.1150

Pemkab-Jember. (2016). Kelautan dan perikanan. Retrieved from http://www.jemberkab.go.id/kelautan-dan-perikanan/

Putnis, C. V. (2019). Editorial for Special Issue “Mineral Surface Reactions at the Nanoscale”. Minerals, 9(3), 185, https://doi.org/10.3390/min9030185

Sjamsiah, S., Ramadani, K., & Hermawan, H. (2017). Sintesis Membran Silika Kitosan Dari Abu Ampas Tebu (Bagasse). Al-Kimia, 5(1), 81-88, http://journal.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/al-kimia/article/view/2857

Visa, M. (2016). Synthesis and characterization of new zeolite materials obtained from fly ash for heavy metals removal in advanced wastewater treatment. Powder Technology, 294, 338-347, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2016.02.019

Yang, D., Li, L., Chen, B., Shi, S., Nie, J., & Ma, G. (2019). Functionalized chitosan electrospun nanofiber membranes for heavy-metal removal. Polymer, 163, 74-85, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2018.12.046

Zeng, M., & Fang, Z. (2004). Preparation of sub-micrometer porous membrane from chitosan/polyethylene glycol semi-IPN. Journal of Membrane Science, 245(12), 95-102, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2004.08.004

Zhang, M., Li, X., Gong, Y., Zhao, N., & Zhang, X. (2002). Properties and biocompatibility of chitosan films modified by blending with PEG. Biomaterials, 23(13), 2641-2648, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0142-9612(01)00403-3

Zulti, F., Dahlan, K., & Sugita, P. (2013). Adsorption of Waste Metal Cr (VI) with Composite Membranes (Chitosan-Silica Rice Husks). Makara Journal of Science, 163-168, http://journal.ui.ac.id/index.php/science/article/view/1477


Article Metrics

Abstract has been read : 337 times
DOWNLOAD PDF file viewed/downloaded: 0 times


DOI: http://doi.org/10.25273/cheesa.v3i1.5701

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Accredited:
                                                                                                                     

Indexed by:
                      

                      

                                                                                 
                                                                                               Creative Commons License
 
Chemical Engineering Research Articles is published by Universitas PGRI Madiun.
 
                Copyright of CHEESA: Chemical Engineering Research Articles, ISSN 2614-8757 (Print) 2615-2347 (Online)