PUBLIC PROCUREMENT IN AFRICA AND THE INTEGRITY QUESTION: TOWARDS AN ETHICAL NARRATIVE

Tom Eneji Ogar, Ushie Abel Idagu

Abstract


This work is an analysis of public procurement and the role integrity and ethics plays in enhancing effectiveness and efficiency of the procurement system. The paper situates that though public procurement is a worldwide exercise where government spends public funds for the procurement of goods works and services, for the good of the people, inefficiencies has trailed the procurement system in most developing countries of Africa. Some of these countries have taken some steps to reform the sector, but there are still noticeable challenges and obstacles to a full maximization of the goals of a good procurement system. One of the major challenges, identified has been that of a dearth of integrity and ethical consciousness on the part of procurement professionals and stakeholders alike. It is essential that public procurement professional and stake holders adhere to a well-defined and established code of ethics. Ethics are the principles which defines behaviours as right, good and appropriate. Employees in public service are expected to uphold certain core values and any attempt to pursue personal interest using conduct that are not consistent with the proper discharge of the employee’s duties is a breach of the public trust. In the public sector where procurement is funded by public expenditure, it is imperative that procurement operates with integrity, transparency and professionalism. In most African countries, Nigeria, Uganda, Tanzania to mention a few, the ethos of an efficient system devoid of unethical behaviours by professionals has been far from achieved. The procurement systems have therefore been plagued by integrity and ethical issues leading to unwholesome and undesirable situations. A review of related literatures to these topics was carried out with a view to carry out a contextual analysis in addressing the specific issues under study. This work is therefore significant as it tried to apply ethics to a fundamental aspect of governance which is the procurement of goods, services and works for the ultimate benefits of the populace.

Keywords


Public Procurement; Ethics; Africa; integrity question

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ayoyi, I. R., & Mukoswa, R. O., (2015) Ethical issues in public procurement in Kenya”, International Journal of scientific and Research publications, Vol. 5, issue 9, ISSN 2250 -3153.

Bessong, P. K., Esikot, dorenyin F., Kankpan, K., & Esemi, S. (2018). Fiscal Policy Impact on Performance of Electronic Commerce Companies in Nigeria. GNOSI: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Human Theory and Praxis, 1(2), 53-74.

Carter, R. J., & Kirby, S. K., (2006) Practical Procurement Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chikwe, G. C., & Obi, E. M. (2016). Rethinking Public Procurement System in Nigeria: The E- Procurement Option (A Study of Selected Local Government Areas in Southern Nigeria). International Journal of Business Marketing and Management, 1, 37–48. www.ijbmm.com

Didas, B. (2008), “Recalling where African Procurement reforms began”. Procurement News, 2(21), pp.16-17.

Duraku, A. (2018). Public Expenditures Through Public Procurement. European Journal of Engineering and Formal Sciences, 3(1), 40. https://doi.org/10.26417/ejef.v3i1.p40-49

Erridge, A. (2000). “Public Procurement.” Public Policy and Administration 15(4):14–24.

Kidzu, T. O., & Ncha, G. B. (2018). Cultural Globalization and the place of Africa in Cultural Exchange. Ndunode: Special Edition of Calabar Journal of Humanities, 13(1), 300-310.

Mangla, S. K., & Luthra, S. (2019). Sustainability, Innovation and Procurement. In Sustainability, Innovation and Procurement. https://doi.org/10.1201/9780429430695

Muhammad, B. A., Adamu, T., & Ladi, D. (2015). Appraisal of Construction Project Procurement Policies in Nigeria. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER), 3, 19–24. www.ajer.org

Ncha, G. B. (2018). Existential Justice: The Basis for Quality Leadership in Nigeria. CAJOLIS- Calabar Journal of Liberal Studies, 20(1), 337-343.

Nwogwugwu, N., & Adebayo, A. O. (2015). Appraisal of Integrity in Public Procurement Processes in Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Business and ManagementVer. I, 17(7), 2319–7668. https://doi.org/10.9790/487X-1771110115

Odhiambo, W., & Kaman, P., (2009). Public Procurement: Lessons from Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, OECD Development Centre, Working paper No. 208.

Okpo, O. (2020). Nigeria’s Traditional Virtue Ethics and Business: An Ibibio Virtue Ethics Approach to Business Ethics. GNOSI: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Human Theory and Praxis, 3(1), 16-31.

Snider, K. F., & Rendon, R. G. (2012). Public Procurement: Public Administration and Public Service Perspectives. Journal of Public Affairs Education, 18(2), 327–348. https://doi.org/10.1080/15236803.2012.12001687

Stephens, P. (2013) “Procurement Reform and National Development”. Public Procurement Journal, combined 18th-19th Edition, ISSN 2276-7649, pp. 10-11.

Thai, K. V. (2001). Public procurement re-examined. Journal of Public Procurement, 1(1), 9–50. https://doi.org/10.1108/jopp-01-01-2001-b001

UN Procurement Practitioners handbook (November, 2006).

Williams-Elegbe, S. (2018). Systemic corruption and public procurement in developing countries: are there any solutions? Journal of Public Procurement, 18(2), 131–147. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOPP-06-2018-009

Wittig, W. A. (1999) “building value through procurement: a focus on Africa”, A paper presented to the 9th International Anti-corruption Conference, (available on-line@www.legacy.transparncy.org.


Article Metrics

Abstract has been read : 128 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded: 0 times


DOI: http://doi.org/10.25273/she.v1i3.7549

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Social Sciences, Humanities and Education Journal (SHE Journal)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

View My Stats