Politeness strategies and the effort to build the pragmatic competence through Cinderella

Rosita Ambarwati, Elin Tri Susilo


This research is conducted to analyze the politeness strategy used by characters in Cinderella movie to strengthen pragmatic competence.  The objective of this research is to identify, (1) types of speech act used by characters of Cinderella movie in conveying politeness strategies (2) types of politeness strategies that are depicted by characters in Cinderella movie, and (3) to describe the relation of politeness strategy and pragmatic competence. The study is designed as descriptive qualitative research. The object of the study is a movie entitled Cinderella. Documentation and observation are the techniques to collect the data. This research is analyzed by using Spreadley Theory which includes four stages of analysis namely domain analysis, taxonomy analysis, componential analysis, and cultural theme analysis. The result of the analysis are (1) there are five types of speech acts used by the main characters of Cinderella movie in conveying politeness strategies. They are assertive, directive, commisive, expressive, and declarative. Directive speech act is becoming the most frequently used  by the main characters of this movie in conveying politeness strategies. (2) There are four types of politeness strategy that are depicted by the main characters in Cinderella movie. Those types are bald on – record strategy, positive politeness strategy, negative politeness strategy, and finally off – record strategy. The result shows that bald on – record strategy becomes the most frequently used strategy compared to the others. Politeness and pragmatic competence have a very close relationship. The importance of pragmatic competence can be strengthened through the choice of politeness strategies. Film as a mirror of a society is a good medium to analyze the sociocultural background of the utterance so that the purpose of the speaker's meaning can be realized appropriately.


Politeness Strategy; Pragmatic Competence; Cinderella Film

Full Text:



Ambarwati, R., Nurkamto, J., & Santosa, R. (2019). Phatic and Politeness on Women’s Communication in Facebook: Humanistic Teaching Perspective of Being Polite in Social Media. IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics), 4(1), 95-108. http://www.ijeltal.org/index.php/ijeltal/article/view/326

Ardianto, S. (2016). Politeness strategies employed by the main character in AMC’s TV series: The Walking Dead. Language Horizon, 4(2). https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/language-horizon/article/view/14996

Brown, P., Levinson, S. C., & Levinson, S. C. (1987). Politeness: Some universals in language usage (Vol. 4). Cambridge university press.

Clark, E. V. (2004). How language acquisition builds on cognitive development. Trends in cognitive sciences, 8(10), 472-478.

Deda, N. (2013). The role of Pragmatics in English language teaching. Pragmatic competence. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2(4), 63-63. http://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/ajis/article/view/106

Eslami-Rasekh, Z. (2005). Raising the pragmatic awareness of language learners. ELT journal, 59(3), 199-208. https://doi.org/ https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/cci039

Félix-Brasdefer, J. C. (2008). Perceptions of refusals to invitations: Exploring the minds of foreign language learners. Language awareness, 17(3), 195-211. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09658410802146818

Krisnawati, E. (2011). Pragmatic competence in the spoken English classroom. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 1(1), 100-110. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/304908352.pdf

Levinson, S. C. (1987). Pragmatics and the grammar of anaphora: A partial pragmatic reduction of binding and control phenomena. Journal of linguistics, 23(2), 379-434.

Murray, N. (2012). English as a lingua franca and the development of pragmatic competence. ELT journal, 66(3), 318-326. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/ccs016

Mustiari, N. W., Tika, I. K., & Widiastuti, N. M. A. (2017). Politeness Strategies in Delivering Commands in the Movie Entitled “The Social Network”. Humanis, 19(1). https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/sastra/article/download/29713/18307

Nailah, N. (2016). Politeness strategies used by the main characters in “Transformers: Age of Extinction” movie Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim].

Nasihin, C. (2014). Politeness Strategies Used by the Main Character in Black Swan Movie. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa FIB, 5(5). http://jimbastrafib.studentjournal.ub.ac.id/index.php/jimbastrafib/article/view/504/449

Norra, R. N. (2016). An analysis of politeness strategies in Her movie.

Nuridin, W. (2019). Developing pragmatic competence of Indonesian EFL learners through teaching speech acts of oral and written complaints. Englisia: Journal of Language, Education, and Humanities, 6(1), 27-34. https://jurnal.ar-raniry.ac.id/index.php/englisia/article/view/3167

Paradis, M. (1998). The other side of language: Pragmatic competence. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 11(2), 1-10. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/S0911-6044(98)00001-3

Prasasti, T. I., Solin, M., & Hadi, W. (2019). The Effectiveness of Learning Media Folklore Text of North Sumatera Based on Blended Learning by 10th Grade Students of Vocational High SchoolHarapan Mekar-1 Medan. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 2(4), 480-490. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e896/6597c62bb97b0ea8c5bb2734b449091c0a98.pdf

Putra, A. P. (2016). The Use of Politeness Strategy in “Good Company” Movie. Language Horizon, 4(4). https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/language-horizon/article/view/17025

Rahadini, A. A., & Suwarna, S. (2014). Kesantunan berbahasa dalam interaksi pembelajaran bahasa jawa di SMP N 1 Banyumas. LingTera, 1(2), 136-144. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21831/lt.v1i2.2591

Setiawan, Y. R. E. (2018). Politeness Strategies Used By Ella And Lady Tremaine In Cinderella 2015 Movie (A Sociopragmatic Study) STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY].

Srisuruk, P. (2011). Politeness and pragmatic competence in Thai speakers of English Newcastle University]. https://theses.ncl.ac.uk/jspui/handle/10443/1189

Taguchi, N. (2018). Description and explanation of pragmatic development: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research. System, 75, 23-32. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2018.03.010

Article Metrics

Abstract has been read : 255 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded: 0 times

DOI: http://doi.org/10.25273/linguista.v5i1.9657


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Linguista: Jurnal Ilmiah Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pembelajarannya indexed by:

View My Stats