How the Student’s Error in Solution of Mathematics Problems?

Dwi Erna Novianti

Abstract


This qualitative descriptive study aimed to analyze student errors to solve mathematical problems in gender. The subject in this research were Mathematics Education students in the Linear Program subject. The sample selection used purposive sampling by looking at the results of student tests on linear program material categorized by gender. The analysis data using observation methods, test methods and interview methods, meanwhile to validity test of the data using triangulation of data source and triangulation method. Based on the results of the study obtained results: 1) Errors experienced by male and female students are almost similar, but the mistakes experienced by female students are fewer than male students, 2) Female and male students with high ability categories possess different types of errors, namely female students only experience process errors and results of errors, while male experience transformation errors, process errors, results in errors, 3) Female and male students with low ability categories have the same type of errors, namely misunderstanding, transformation errors, process errors, results errors. In this study also none of the subjects experienced reading errors.


Keywords


Student Error Analysis; Mathematical Problem-Solving; Gender

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adhadika, T., & Pujiyono, A. (2014). Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Pro-duktivitas Tenaga Kerja Industri Peng-olahan di Kota Semarang. Accounting Analysis Journal, 3(3), 1–13. https://doi. org/ISSN 2252-6765

Amalia, S. R. (2017). Analisis Kesalahan Berdasarkan Prosedur Newman Dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Ditinjau Dari Gaya Kognitif Mahasiswa. Aksioma, 8(1), 17. https://doi.org/10.268 77/aks.v8i1.1505

Amir, Z. (2013). Perspektif Gender Dalam Pembelajaran Matematika. Marwah: Jurnal Perempuan, Agama Dan Jender, 12(1), 15. https://doi.org/10.24014/mar wah.v12i1.511

Cahyani, H., & Setyawati, R. W. (2016). Pentingnya Peningkatan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah melalui PBL untuk Mempersiapkan Generasi Unggul Meng-hadapi MEA. PRISMA, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Matematika, 151–160.

Căprioară, D. (2015). Problem Solving - Purpose and Means of Learning Mathematics in School. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191, 1859–1864. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.332

Erna, N. D., Umi, K. A., & Ari, I. (2017). The Math Problem Solving Profile in Solve Linear Programming ’ sProblem Based On Mathematic Communication Ability. JIPM (Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidik-an Matematika), 6(1), 53–59. Retrieved from http://journal.unipma.ac.id/index. php/jipm JIPM

Geary, D. C., Saults, S. J., Liu, F., & Hoard, M. K. (2000). Sex Differences in Spatial Cognition , Computational Fluency , and Arithmetical Reasoning. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 77, 337–353. https://doi.org/10.1006/jecp. 2000.2594

Jha, S. K. (2012). Mathematics performance of primary school students in Assam (India): An analysis using Newman Procedure. International Journal of Computer Applications in in Engineering Sciences, II(I), 17–21. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&profile=ehost&scope=site&authtype=crawler&jrnl=22314946&AN=82881779&h=EVVQDh/Hm52chAMlwrzR4w4wi7jATMnDU2PdIoLeamUS/cc4YNQKyx+qkOW4Z0IJs51nz6+2xGbl75NrT1SSwg==&crl=c

Junaedi, I. (2012). Tipe Kesalahan Mahasiswa dalam Menyelesaikan Soal-Soal Geometri Analitik Berdasar Newman’s Error Analysis (NEA). Kreano Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif, 3(2), 125–133. https://doi.org/10.15294/kreano. v3i2.2872

Liljedahl, P., Santos-Trigo, M., Malaspina, U., & Bruder, R. (2016). Problem Solving in Mathematics Education. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40730-2_1

Lipianto, D., & Budiarto, M. T. (2013). Analisis kesalahan siswa dalam menyelesakan soal yang berhubungan dengan persegi dan persegipanjang berdasarkan taksonomi solo plus pada kelas vii. Mathedunesa, 2(1). Retrieved from http://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/ index.php/mathedunesa/article/view/1218

Mahmudah, S. (2015). Peningkatan Keteram-pilan Menyelesaikan Soal Cerita Mate-matika Menggunakan Media Kartu Kerja Pada Siswa Kelas II SDN Purworejo Kecamatan Kandat Kabupaten Kediri. Jurnal PINUS, 1(2), 165–173.

Masfingatin, T., Murtafiah, W., & Krisdiana, I. (2017). Kemampuan mahasiswa calon guru matematika dalam pemecahan masalah pembuktian teorema geometri. Jurnal Mercumatika : Jurnal Penelitian Matematika Dan Pendidikan Matematika, 2(2), 41–50.

Mustaqim. (2013). Berdasarkan Diagnosis Kesulitan Siswa dalam Menyelesaikan Masalah Program Linear dengan Menggunakan. Pendidikan Matematika-Universitas Negeri Malang, 1, 72–78.

Nuryoto, S. (1998). Perbedaan Prestasi Akademik Antara. Jurnal Psikologi, (2), 16–24. Retrieved from https://media. neliti.com/media/publications/127308-ID-perbedaan-prestasi-akademik-antara-laki.pdf

Phonapichat, P., Wongwanich, S., & Sujiva, S. (2014). An Analysis of Elementary School Students’ Difficulties in Mathematical Problem Solving. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 3169–3174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. sbspro.2014.01.728

Raduan, I. H. (2010). Error analysis and the corresponding cognitive activities committed by year five primary students in solving mathematical word problems. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 3836–3838. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.600

Rohaeti, E. E. (2010). Critical and Creative Mathematical Thinking of Junior High School Students. Educationist, IV(2), 99–106.

Sai, M., & Rejeki, S. (2017). Analisis Kesalahan Mahasiswa dalam Menye-lesaikan Soal Cerita pada Materi Probabilitas di Program Studi Pendidikan Teknik Informatika. KONTINU: Jurnal Penelitian Didaktik Matematika, 1(1), 38–46.

Siagian, M. D. (2016). Kemampuan Koneksi Matematika Dalam Pembelajaran Mate-matika. MES (Journal of Mathematics Education and Science), 2(1), 58–67.

Singh, P., Rahman, A. A., & Hoon, T. S. (2010). The Newman procedure for analyzing Primary Four pupils errors on written mathematical tasks: A Malaysian perspective. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 8(5), 264–271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.036

Siswandi, E., & Sujadi, I. (2016). Analisis Kesalahan Siswa Damam Menyelesaikan Masalah Kontekstual Ditinjau dari Per-bedaan Gender ( Studi Kasus pada Siswa Kelas VII SMPN 20 Surakarta ). Jurnal Elektronik Pembelajaran Matematika, 4(7), 633–643.

Tambychik, T., & Meerah, T. S. M. (2010). Students’ difficulties in mathematics problem-solving: What do they say? Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 8(5), 142–151. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.020

Wardani, A. K. (2014). Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Berdasarkan Perbedaan Jenis Kelamin ( Ability of Problem Solving From Diferences of Sex ). Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika STKIP PGRI Sidoarjo, 2(1), 99–108.

Wong, C., Law, K. S., & Wong, P. (2002). Development and validation of a non-self-report emotional intelligence measure in Hong Kong. Asian Academy of Management Conference, 535–559. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:APJM.0000048717.31261.d0


Article Metrics

Abstract has been read : 115 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded: 0 times


DOI: http://doi.org/10.25273/jipm.v8i1.4163

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 JIPM (Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

View JIPM Stats

 

JIPM indexed by:

       


Copyright of JIPM (Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika) ISSN 2502-1745 (Online) and ISSN 2301-7929 (Print)