Perpektif guru sekolah dasar terhadap Higher Order Tinking Skills (HOTS): pemahaman, penerapan dan hambatan

Subroto Rapih, Sutaryadi Sutaryadi

Abstract


Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) merupakan cara berfikir yang mengedepankan nilai-nilai berfikir kritis dan kreatif sehingga dipandang mampu memberikan solusi dalam menghadapi tantangan perkembangan zaman. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui dan memberikan gambaran tentang pemahaman guru kelas Sekolah Dasar (SD) terhadap HOTS. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian survey sedangkan pendekatan penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskritptif kuantitatif. Instrumen dalam pengambilan data menggunakan kuisioner/ angket tertutup yang dibagikan langsung kepada responden. Selanjutnya, data dalam penlitian ini dianalisis dengan teknik analisis data deskriptif kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa 91,43% responden memahami konsep dari HOTS dan 8,57% responden belum memahami. Sebesar 85,71% responden berpendapat HOTS bisa diajarkan pada tingkat sekolah dasar, 11,43% berpendapat HOTS belum bisa diajarkan dan 2,86% responden menjawab tidak tahu. 82,86% responden sudah menerapkan HOTS pada kegiatan pembelajaran dan 17,14% responden belum menerapkan. Sebesar 79% responden kesulitan dalam merancang dan menerapkan evaluasi berbasiskan HOTS, 59% kesulitan dalam penyampaian materi pembelajaran, 45% kesulitan dalam merancang media pembelajaran, 38% kesulitan dalam merancang perangkat pembelajaran dan sebesar 31% kesulitan dalam proses penyusunan bahan ajar. 


Keywords


Higher Order Skills Thinking (HOTS); Guru; Sekolah Dasar

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, S. (2014). Problematika kurikulum 2013 dan kepemimpinan instruksional kepala sekolah. Jurnal Pencerahan, 8(2).

Anderson LW, Krathwohl, DR (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A revision of Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives. New York: Addison Wesley Logman.

Azwar, S. (2009). Metode Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Bloom, B. S. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives, Handbook I: The cognitive domain. New York, NY: McKay.

Brookhart, S. M. (2010). How to assess higher-order thinking skills in your classroom. ASCD.

Boaler, J., & Staples, M. (2008). Creating mathematical futures through an equitable teaching approach: The case of Railside School. Teachers College Record, 110(3), 608-645.

Chini JC, Carmichael A, Rebello NS, Puntambekar S (2009). Does the Teaching Learning Interview Provide an Accurate Snapshot of Classroom Learning?. Proceedings of the 2009 Physics Education Research Conference, AIP Publications, July 29-30.

Conklin, W & Manfro, J. 2010. Higher order thinking skills to develop 21st century learners. Shell Education Publishing, Inc. Huntington.

Fearon DD, Copeland D, Saxon TF (2013). The Relationship Between Parenting Styles and Creativity in a Sample of Jamaican Children. Creativity Res. J. 25(1): 119-128.

Fischer C, Bol L, Pribesh S (2011). An Investigation of Higher-Order Thinking Skills in Smaller Learning Community Social Studies Classrooms. Am. Secondary Educ. 39(2):5-25.

Franco, C., Sztajn, P., & Ortigão, M. I. R. (2007). Mathematics teachers, reform, and equity: results from the Brazilian National Assessment. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 393-419.

Forehand, M. (2010). Bloom’s taxonomy. Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology. Retrieved from http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Bloom%27s_Taxono my.

Hidayati, A. U. (2018). Melatih Keterampilan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi Dalam Pembelajaran Matematika Pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Terampil: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran Dasar, 4(2), 143-156.

Horan R (2007). The Relationship Between Creativity and Intelligence: A Combined Yogic- Scientific Approach. Creativity Res. J. 19(2–3): 179-202.

King, F.J, Goodson, L., & Rohani, F. (2006), Higher Order Thinking Skills: Definition, Teaching Strategies, and Assesment, London: A publication of the Edu-cational Services Program.

Krissandi, A. D. S., & Rusmawan, R. (2015). Kendala guru sekolah dasar dalam implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Cakrawala Pendidikan, (3).

Kondak EU, Ayden YC (2013). Predicting Critical Thinking Skills of University Students through Meta cognitive Self-Regulation Skills and Chemistry Self-Efficacy. Educational Sciences: Theory Pract. 13(1):666-670.

Lather AS, Jain S, Shukla AD (2014). Student’s Creativity in Relation to Locus of Control: a Study of Mysore University, India. Int. J. Indian Psychol. 2(1): 146-165.

Lim S, Smith J (2008). The Structural Relationships of Parenting Style, Creative Personality, and Loneliness. Creativity Res. J. 20(4):412- 419.

Pannells TC, Claxton AF (2008). Happiness, Creative Ideation, and Locus of Control. Creativity Res. J. 20(1): 67-71.

Pascarella ET, Wang JS, Trolian TL, Blaich C (2013). How the instructional and learning environments of liberal arts colleges enhance cognitive development. Higher Educ. 66:569-583.

Magno C (2011). Assessing the Relationship of Scientific Thinking, Self- regulationin Research, and Creativity in a Measurement Model. Int. J. Res. Rev. 6(1):22-47.

Marshall JC, Robert M, Horton RM (2011). The Relationship of Teacher Facilitated, Inquiry Based Instruction to Student Higher-Order Thinking. School Science and Mathematics.

Noble J, Powell DA (1995).Factors Influencing Differential Achievement of Higher-order Thinking Skills, as Measured by PLAN. ACT Research Report Series, 95-4.

O’Tuel FS, Bullard RK (2001). Developing Higher Order Thinking in the Content Areas K-12. USA, CA; Critical Thinking Press and Software.

Pappas, E., Pierrakos, O., & Nagel, R. (2012). Using Bloom’s Taxonomy to teach sustainability in multiple contexts. Journal of Cleaner Production. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.09.039.

Rajendran N (2001). The Teaching of Higher-Order Thinking Skills in Malaysia. J. Southeast Asian Educ. 2(1):42-46.

Suherman, Turmudi, Suryadi Rohayati. 2003. Strategi pembelajaran matematika Contemporer. UPI . Bandung.

Sulaiman, T., Muniyan, V., Madhvan, D., Hasan, R., Syrene, S., & Rahim, A. (2017). Implementation of Higher Order Thinking Skills in Teaching Of Science: A Case Study in Malaysia. International Research Journal of Education and Sciences (IRJES), 1.

Syaodih, E & Handayani, H. (2014). Metode Pengembangan Higher Order Thinking Skills (Hots) Pada Anak Usia Sekolah Dasar. Pedagogik-Pendas, 456.

Usmaedi, U. (2017). Menggagas Pembelajaran HOTS Pada Anak Usia Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Pendidikan Sekolah Dasar, 3(1), 82-95.

Wahyudi, w., & Chamdani, m. (2017). Mplementasi kurikulum 2013 di sekolah dasar masalah dan solusinya (studi kasus di kabupaten kebumen). Dwijacendekia jurnal riset pedagogik, 1(1).


Article Metrics

Abstract has been read : 169 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded: 0 times


DOI: http://doi.org/10.25273/pe.v8i1.2560

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Premiere Educandum: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar dan Pembelajaran indexed by:

 

Premiere Educandum has ISSN: 2088-5350 (Print) & ISSN: 2528-5173 (Online)

Creative Commons License
Premiere Educandum by E-JOURNAL UNIVERSITAS PGRI MADIUN is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View Premiere Educandum Stats