ARE COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES FREQUENTLY USED IN SPEAKING CLASS?

Agung Wicaksono

Abstract


Communication strategy is the way to help the speakers when facing difficulties in communication using English as a second language. This case study, at the first year students of English Department, aims to know the most frequent students’ strategies to communicate in speaking activity in speaking class. It is  found that thirteen communication strategies were used by the students in speaking English class, but not all of the communication strategies were used in every conversation, but only certain communication strategy was used. It depends on  the materials difficulties. Furhermore, the most frequent  communication strategies is stalling or time gaining strategy. As they need some time to think and then continue talking after they find the right words they need to communicate. This findings is in line with the propossed theory stated that communication strategy is defined as a systematic technique employed by a speaker to express his or her meaning when facing certain difficulties in communication.


Keywords


Communication Strategies; Speaking; Speaking Class

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References


Brown, G and George,Yule. 1983. Teaching the Spoken Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bialystok, E.. 1990. Communication Strategies: A Psychological Analysis of Second Language Use. London: Blackwell.

Brown, H. Douglas. 2000. Principle of Language Learning And Teaching, Fourth Edition. New York: Logman.

Dornyei, Z. 1995. On the Teachability of Communication Strategies. TESOL QUARTERLY, 29, 55-58.

Ellis, Rod. 1997. Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wajnryb, R. 1987. “When Silent Isn’t Golden. Teaching Learners to Use Conversational Fillers”. TESL Reporter, 20 (3), 47-52.


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DOI: http://doi.org/10.25273/etj.v2i2.741

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