DOES SCAFFOLDING HELP STUDENTS TO WRITE BETTER?

Yunik Susanti

Abstract


Learning to write is a difficult and complex series of processes that require a range of explicit teaching methodologies throughout all the stages of learning. The capacity of teacher to create positive classroom atmosphere and using appropriate teaching technique will help students to attain the goal of writing. This pre-experimental research aims to measure the effectiveness of scaffolding technique to the students writing ability. The result of the data analysis shows that the mean score of pre-test and post-test are 58. 87 and 71. 29 . Then the t-score  is 4. 45 and the t-table at the degree of significant 5% is 2. 042, so the t-score 4. 45 is higher than the t-table. It means very significant, thus scaffolding technique is effective to be used in teaching writing as it helps the students to write better. This result supports the proposed theory which stated that scaffolding helps the students to write by providing a support structure to enable certain activities and skills to develop lies on the frameworks used by the teacher, giving the actual carrying out of particular activities in class, also there is the assistance provided in moment-to-moment interaction among students and teacher.


Keywords


Writing;Teaching Writing;Scaffolding Technique

Full Text:

PDF

References


Brown, J. D. (1991). Language Assessment Principles and Classroom Pratices. San Fransisco: Longman.

Byrne, D. (1993). Teaching writing skills. (6th ed.). London:Longman.

Harmer, Jeremy. (2007). How to Teach Writing. Edinburgh: Pearson Education Limited.

Harmer, Jeremy. (2006a). How to teach English. (15th ed.). Addison Wesley: Longman Limited.

Heaton, J.B. (1990). “Writing English Language Tests”. Journal of Theory and Practice in Education. Longman UK Limited, Hong Kong, XI+192p. ISBN:1304-94-96. Vol. 2 (2): 119-122.

Hyland, Ken. (2003). Second Language Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Knaapp, P., and Watkins, M. (2005). Genre, Text, Grammar: Technology for Teaching and Assessing Writing. Sydney: University of New South Wales.

Raimes, A. (1994). Techniques in teaching writing. (3rd ed.). Oxford: O.U.P.

Smith, L and Zygouris-Coe, V. (2006).

Scaffolding. FOR-PD’s Reading

Strategy of the Month: 1-5.

Vacca, J.S, & Levitt, R. (2008). “Using Scaffolding Techniques to Teach a Lesson about the Civil War”. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1 (18): 150-161

Verenikina, I. (2008). “Scaffolding and Learning: Its Role in Nurturing New Learners”. In Kell, P, Vialle, W, Konza, D and Vogl, G (eds.), Learning and the Learner: Exploring Learning for New Times. University of Wollongong. Undergraduate Thesis. (online), available at : jurnal- online.um.ac.id/

Vernon, L. (2001). The Writing Process: A Scaffolding Approach. (Online), available at: www.wm.edu/TTAC,.

Walqui, A. (2006). “Scaffolding Instruction for English Language Learners: A Conceptual Framework”. The International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, (online), available : www.educacion.es/exterior/centros/

Weigle, S.C., (2002). Assessing Writing. (3 ed). New York: Cambridge University Press.


Article Metrics

Abstract has been read : 137 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded: 0 times


DOI: http://doi.org/10.25273/etj.v2i2.734

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




ETJ Stats