Critical Thinking in ELT: Theory and Practice

Lulus Irawati


Critical thinking may be considered as an essential substance contributing to the success of students learning a language, in this English. Some skills in English such as listening, speaking, reading and writing can be successfully achieved whenever students were critical, since critical thinking is also the ability allowing the students to express everything freely. Unfortunately, utilizing critical thinking is not as simple as seen. There should be a regular and consistent process done to encourage the students to be critical. Thus, some approaches, methods, techniques or media need to be applied in order to succeed the achievement of being critical thinkers. Thus, this paper reveals some theories and practices based on reviewing some articles of critical thinking in English Language Teaching (ELT). 

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Brumfit, Christopher, Language study in higher education and the development of criticality. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, Vol. 15, No 12.

Errihani, Mohammed. 2012. Critical Thinking and the Language Factor: The case for the English Language Learner. AWEJ, Vol 3 No. 3.

Ghanizadeh, Afsaneh and Mirzaee, Sepideh. 2012. EFL Learners’ Self-regulation, Critical Thinking and Language Achievement. International Journal of Linguistics, Vol. 4, No.3

Hosseini, Effat, 2012. Exploring the Relationship between Critical Thinking, Reading Comprehension and Reading Strategies of English University Students. World Applied Sciences Journal, 17 (10).

Jantrasakul, Prapai. 2012. Utilizing Critical Thinking-based EFL lessons: A means to improve language skills and encourage student engagement in Thai EFL classes. Journal of Education and Practice, Vol. 3, No. 6.

Khatib, Mohammad and Alizadeh, Iman. 2012. Critical Thinking Skills through Literary and Non-literary Texts in English Classes. International Journal of Linguistics, Vol. 4, No.4.

Liaw, Meei-Ling. 2007. Content-based Reading and Writing for Critical Thinking Skills in an EFL Context. English Teaching and Learning, 31.2 (Summer 2007).

Mok, Jane. 2009. From Policies to Realities: Developing Students’ Critical Thinking in Hongkong Secondary School English Writing Classes. RELC, Vol. 40(3).

Tung, Chi-An and Chang, Shu-Ying. 2009. Developing Critical Thinking through Literature Reading. Feng Chia Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, pp. 287-317, No. 19

Wang, Ya-huei. 2009. Incorporating Critical Thinking Skills into an English Conversation Program. European Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 11, No. 1.

Williams, Marion and Burden, Robert L. 1997. Psychology for Language Teachers: A Social constructivist approach. UK: Cambridge University Press.

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