Constitutional Comparison Between Indonesia And Switzerland Constitutions Regarding The Mechanism Of Constitutional Amendment

Muhammad Zulhidayat

Abstract


The constitution is often equated with the Basic Law, each State has its own characteristics in drafting their Constitution, the Constitutional differences between one State and another also have an impact and influence the constitutional amendment system of each State. The purpose of this article is to find out how the comparison of the constitutions of Indonesia and Switzerland is related to the mechanism for amendment the constitutions of the those State. The results of this study indicate that in changing the constitution Indonesia must have 2/3 members of the MPR. Meanwhile, Switzerland in making amendment to their constitution gives the people veto rights to participate in determining amendment to their State's constitution. The conclusion in this study is that the Indonesian constitution is more rigid than the Switzerland constitution, the rules regarding amendment to the constitution that are rigid after the fourth amendment can be returned as the rules for changing the constitution before the amendment are more flexible, this will have a positive effect on the constitutional system in Indonesia. The writer's suggestion in this paper is that the Executive and Legislative Institutions immediately make a fifth amendment to replace outdated rules and strengthen the existing government system in Indonesia


Keywords


Constitution, Constitutional System, Indonesia, Switzerland

Full Text:

PDF

References


Asshiddiqie, Jimly, Konstitusi dan Konstitusionalisme di Indonesia, Jakarta : Mahkamah Konstitusi RI, 2004.

Astawa, I Gede Panca, Memahami Ilmu Negara dan Teori Negara, Jakarta: refika aditama, 2015.

Gillett, Nicholas. The Swiss Constitution: Can it be Exported?. Bristol: YES Publications, 1989.

Huda, Ni’matul, Perkembangan Hukum Tata Negara Perdebatan & Gagasan Penyempurnaan, Yogyakarta : UII Press, 2014.

Kelsen, Hans, Teori Umum tentang Hukum dan Negara, Ctk. Keempat, Bandung : Nusa Media,2016

McRae, Kenneth D., Conflict and Compromise in Multilingual Societies: Switzerland. Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1983.

Ranadireksa, Hendrawan, Bedah Konstitusi Lewat Gambar Dinamika Konstitusi Indonesia: Ada Apa dengan UUDs 1945 (Original), Maklumat No. X, UUDs RIS, UUDS 1950, UUD 1945 pasca Dekrit 5 Juli 1959, UUD 1945 Era Orde Baru, UUD 1945 Amandemen I sampai dengan IV, Bandung : Fokus Media, 2007.

Schmid, Carol L., Conflict and Consensus in Switzerland. Berkeley: University of California, Press 1981.

Soehino, Hukum Tata Negara: Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia Berdasarkan Pancasila dan Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 adalah Negara Hukum. Yogyakarta : Liberty, Yogyakarta, 1985.

Soehino, Hukum Tata Negara: Perkembangan Pengaturan Mengenai Pelaksanaan Desentralisasi dan Otonomi Daerah, Yogyakarta : BPFE-Yogyakarta, 2010.

Soekanto, Soerjono, dan Sri Mamudji, Penelitian Hukum Normatif, Jakarta : Raja Grafindo Persada, 2009.

Syahuri, Taufiqurrohman, Hukum Konstitusi: Proses dan Prosedur Perubahan UUD di Indonesia 1945- 2002 serta Perbandingannya dengan Konstitusi Negara Lain di Dunia, Bogor : Ghalia Indonesia, 2004.

Journals

Barus, Sonia Ivana, Proses Perubahan Mendasar Konstitusi Indonesia Pra dan Pasca Amandemen, Jurnal UBELAJ, Volume 1 Number 1, April 2017

Diana Sari, Siska and Zakka Arizal, Nizam and Budiono, Arief, Honesty as the Fundamental Basis of Legal Education: A Study and Critique on “Freedom to Learn” Educational Policy (June 13, 2021). Proceedings of the the 3rd International Conference on Education & Social Science Research (ICESRE) 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3865849 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3865849

Hajri, Wira Atma dan Rahdiansyah, “Menghidupkan” Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 Tanpa Amandemen, Jurnal Hukum IUS QUIA IUSTUM, NO. 4 VOL. 24 OKTOBER 2017.

Jufri, Muwaffiq, Urgensi Amandemen Kelima Pada Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945 Terkait Hak dan Kebebasan Beragama, Jurnal Ham, Volume 12, Nomor 1, April 2021.

Mini Setiawati, Sofyan Wimbo Agung Pradnyawan, and Dimas Pramodya Dwipayana .The Legal Problems of the Child Trafficking Crime in Indonesia in the View of Human Rights. Jurnal Activa Yuris, Vol. 1 No. 1 Feberuary 2021. http://e-journal.unipma.ac.id/index.php/AY/article/view/8770

Nizam Zakka Arrizal, & Lanny Ramli. (2020). The Legal Protection For Apprentices In Indonesia. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 17(4), 2626-2633. Retrieved from https://archives.palarch.nl/index.php/jae/article/view/3814

Risnain, Muh. dan Sri Karyati, Menimbang Gagasan Perubahan Konstitusi Dan Tata Cara Perubahan Konstitusi Republik Indonesia 1945, Jurnal IUS, Vol. V, Nomor 1, April 2017

Zulhidayat, Muhammad, Perbandingan Konstitusional : Pengaturan Impeachment di Indonesia Dan Italia, Jurnal Hukum Replik, Volume 7 No. 1, Maret 2019.

Regulation

Constitution of Indonesia

Constitution of Switzerland


Article Metrics

Abstract has been read : 182 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded: 0 times


DOI: http://doi.org/10.25273/ay.v1i2.9891

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammad Zulhidayat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Activa Yuris Stats

Office:
Program Studi Hukum, Fakultas Hukum, Universitas PGRI Madiun

Jl. Setiabudi No. 85 Kota Madiun 63118
email : activayuris@unipma.ac.id